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Grant Writing For Funding Nonprofits

There are millions of dollars in grant money available in the form of grants from foundations, charities and government agencies if your non-profit can successfully complete the grant writing process. There are four basic steps for successful grant writing.

  1. Find the right funding organization
  2. Research the funding organization and previous grants
  3. Give them what they want
  4. Submit on schedule

Finding the right organization

There are many on-line directories of funding organizations. Foundation Grants On-line, is a paid site that lists detailed information about each granting organization. Google and Yahoo both have free directories of funding organizations.

For government grants go to . Although this directory takes some time to decipher this is where Economic Recovery funding opportunities will be posted. Your nonprofit will need to go through a detailed registration process to get funding through There are also individuals and local charities that can provide funding, often with a less formal grant writing process. Contact your local United Way to find out about possible opportunities

Granting organizations offer grants for specific purposes, to certain types of organizations and sometimes in certain geographic regions. Before doing any grant writing make sure they provide funding in your area, to your type of nonprofit and for the purpose your nonprofit seeks funding.

There is always a give and take policy as far as funding is concerned and nonprofit organizations anyhow require it every now and then as they exist for specific purposes without the government sanctions to finance them and dictate terms as per convenience. For those who are not too familiar with grants can very well take a win rfp training that will teach them the basics of it and help them in understanding the concept better.

Research the funding organization and previous grants

Be sure to visit the funding organization’s website before beginning any grant writing. Once there, carefully read the purpose of the funding organization, grant writing guidelines and suggestions they offer for successful grant writing to their organization. Make sure they offer funding in the city or region where your nonprofit is located, that they will fund the type of projects for which your nonprofit seeks funding and that you understand any other grant writing requirements and funding restrictions. If it is available, look at a list of the previous year’s funding.

Determine if projects similar to your nonprofit’s are likely to be funded in the amount your nonprofit is requesting.

Many organizations require matching funds and some may have restrictions on where that funding comes from. If matching funds are required, determine if your nonprofit can provide appropriate matching funds or in-kind matches. You want to do everything you can to make sure your nonprofit and the funding organization are a match before putting in the time and effort required for grant writing.

Previously successful proposals may be available for you to review. If they are, look at them carefully. If not, review funded proposals to see how they are similar to or different from your nonprofit project.

Give them what they want

Before doing any grant writing you need to make sure your nonprofit have a worthy project. What is your nonprofit’s story? Why should a funding organization give your nonprofit money? Does everyone involved buy into the project? Do you have permission of the head of your nonprofit organization to go after the funding? Look here for tips for proposal writing for foundations. The National Institutes of Health has information on the process of submitting government grants.

The funding organization may require a letter of inquiry prior to the submission of the completed grant proposal. In your letter or inquiry describe your nonprofit’s project, make a good case for the need for the project and request an invitation to submit a complete grant proposal. The letter should not be long and wordy, but do provide enough of a description to make the need, purpose and scope of the project clear.

When your nonprofit qualifies or is invited to submit a proposal, print out the grant writing guidelines and keep them by your side as you begin to write your nonprofit’s grant. Format the grant according to the grant writing guidelines so it will be easy for the decision makers to score your proposal. Make your grant writing active and interesting. The funding organization will be looking over a large number of proposals and easier to read, better written grants will be the ones that get the most attention. If the funding is important to your nonprofit it is wise to team up with one or more other people involved in the project in the grant writing effort.

The first part of your nonprofit’s grant submission may be a form or several forms. Fill them out clearly and completely. The funding organization will scan these forms and reject any grant application that does not have properly filled out forms. Next will be a narrative in which you will describe your nonprofit’s project. This is the heart of grant writing. Make it come from your heart. You will need background information, a description of the project, your nonprofit’s credentials or ability to do the project and a clear statement of why the project is needed. There may be more requirements in the grant guidelines. You will also need a budget for the project and for your nonprofit organization as a whole. If the funding organization requests an audited financial statement be sure to provide it. Finally you will need any supporting documents that the funding organization requests or that will support the need for your nonprofit’s project. Some funding organizations allow an unlimited number of supporting documents while others have a specific and limited list.

Submit on Schedule

In grant writing the schedule may be the most important element. Your nonprofit will not get the grant if you submit after the deadline. Some funding organizations have a single deadline per year for a specific type of grant, others have more than one or provide grants on an ongoing basis. Some organizations will accept proposals for a given project type only between two specified dates while others will accept proposals year round. Be aware of opening dates and submission deadlines before beginning the grant writing process.

Grant writing takes time, so be sure to plan ahead and allow enough time to complete a worthy proposal and get all the supporting material. A hastily written grant proposal is often missing key elements, or is not persuasive or well written. Be sure to have someone else review and proofread your nonprofit’s grant proposal before you submit it. Grant writing is a straightforward kind of persuasive writing, but one that takes time and effort to be successful.

The Hottest Video Games For The 2020 Holiday Season

Even though it is over 100 degrees outside and you are enjoying the summer, it is had to ignore the fact that the 2011 holiday season is creeping up on us. Soon we will have to start planning for the holiday season whether we like it or not. If you have video gamers in your family, this holiday season should be a piece of cake for you. In this article we will take a look at the most anticipated released for the 2011 holiday season.

The Sony Vita

There is no doubt that Sony’s newest handheld is going to be one of hottest items this holiday season. The latest hand held gaming system promises to offer gamers a full blown gaming experience in hand held package. The Vita will have a 5″ OLED display, revolutionary touch controls, and a huge library of games. The Vita will be available in two packages. A Wi-Fi only version which will cost $249, and a 3G version powered by AT T; for $299.


Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3

Over the last few years the Call of Duty series has become one of the most popular in video game franchises in history. This years story will take place around the globe and it will be up to the players to stop World War 3. COD has always had great storytelling, but the multi-player experience is where the Modern Warfare games shine, and this year promises to be better than ever. Modern Warfare 3 will be released on the 8th of November at a price of $59.99. It will be available on the Xbox 360, PS3, and PC.

Battlefield 3

EA has been trying to take the crown from Treyarch, and their Call of Duty games for some time, and this year they might just do it. Battlefield 3 has outstanding visuals, realistic sounds, and believable missions set throughout battle hotspots around the world. Battlefield 3 looks set to offer the most realistic war experience yet, and it will be released on October 25th at a price of $59.99. It will also be available on the Xbox 360, PS3, and PC.

Uncharted 3: Drakes Deception

The third installment of this popular game will be released on November 1st. Uncharted has been a massive success on Sony’s PS3, and the third in the series is set to offer unparalleled story telling, mind blowing game physics, and graphics that will make your jaw hit the ground. In Uncharted 3 Drake and Sully are in search of the Iram of the Pillars. The adventure is sure to epic and players will visit laces such as Arabia, London and a jungle temple during their search for lost treasure. Uncharted is exclusive to the Playtation 3 and will cost $59.99.

Forza Motorsport 4

The Forza Motorsport series has become one of the best selling driving franchises around. Forza 4 is set to break the mold this October when it is released on the Xbox 360. Following on from the ultra successful Forza 3, players will be able to experience the most life like driving experience without ever leaving their house. Forza 4 will feature the most advanced physics engine ever used in a driving game, hundreds of cars from around the world, and epic 16 player online races. The latest Forza will also integrate Microsoft’s excellent motion controller, Kinect. Forza 4 is an Xbox exclusive and will cost $59.99

These are going to be the hottest video game items this holiday season, and if you have a gamer to buy for you will not go wrong with any of these titles. The charges of the purchasing of Pokemon go accounts can be compared with other games. The interesting games will induce the interest of the players at the accounts in the Holidays.

The Guardian: What Motivates a Rescue Swimmer to Risk His Life for Another?

This is my counterpoint to “Costner’s Guardian Just a Remake with a New Title,” by Matt Sanchez.

Warning: This article contains movie spoilers.

First, how do we categorize it? Is it in the same class with “Top Gun” as Sanchez says? I don’t think so. Don’t be fooled by the military setting and intense action scenes. Those things make the movie superficially similar to “Top Gun” and many other films. Look at the characters and the development, their relationships, the hardships they overcome internally. “The Guardian” is psychologically powerful, complex, and in the end inspiring. It is also original in concept.

“The Guardian” tells the story of a legend, Ben Randall, a Coast Guard rescue swimmer. What makes him the best is his unquestioning devotion to saving lives. He does not romanticize his job in the least. He has a practical understanding of what the job means. There is no glory nor accolades in what he does. A rescue swimmer gets meager pay, and if he’s lucky he comes home alive. After the tragic loss of his entire crew, Randall is reassigned to teach “A” School to train future swimmers. As Randall wakes up on his first day at the school in Kodiak, Alaska, he takes 4 or 5 Codeines for pain, and then steps outside to be an unusual kind of teacher, making the recruits hold a push-up position for several minutes while he makes his rounds.

Enter Ashton Kutcher’s character young Jake Fischer, nickname “Goldfish.” He is a former high school swim champ with something to prove. We find out he is partly responsible for the deaths of several all-star swim team buddies in a car accident. He wears their initials as tattoos on his arm and he wears their loss in his heart or on his sleeve. This is his motivation for being at the school. Ignore the arrogance and swagger. Jake desperately needs to come to terms with his past.

The second strand of interest is Randall’s dissolving marriage with wife Helen. Randall is a doer, a saver of lives. Helen doesn’t need to be saved. Randall is married to the Coast Guard; he can only have one love. So Helen wants him, in her own words, to “let me go.” Meanwhile, Fischer is developing a relationship with local school teacher Emily Thomas which they dub “casual” – it started out as a bet – but it is obviously developing into something more.

Randall has much to teach Fischer. He breaks him down through grueling drills, personal remarks, and, finally through an emotional scene in Randall’s office where Randall confronts Jake about his past. Randall becomes like a father to Jake, telling him to forgive himself and let go of the past. Jake starts out as a loner, but he learns about teamwork. He helps a classmate, Hodge, who is at risk at the school, to pass the crucial test of breaking a drowning swimmer’s choke-hold.

Randall knows what it’s like to lose his crew and feel the burden that comes with that. He teaches Fischer not to “wear those he loses on his arm.” I believe Randall’s contribution to Fischer is to help him focus “on the ones he can save,” not being mired by thoughts of the ones he can’t.

In the movie’s other main thread, Randall gives his wife Helen the divorce papers she had wanted, and learns to “let her go.” In the end, he retires from rescue swimming, but not until he performs one final act of heroism. In a climactic action scene Jake is trapped inside a fishing vessel by himself in the stormy

Bering Sea

Randall is sent in to get him out. He succeeds, but the rescue cable is damaged and can only hold the weight of one man. Of his own will, Randall cuts himself loose at some 100 + feet of altitude, thereby saving Jake and, of course, sacrificing his own life.

Randall lets go of Helen just as Jake returns to Emily, where he offers to commit himself to their relationship. Jake says “I lied. I can’t do casual.” He is ready to go on with his life. That is Randall’s gift to him as well.

The credits, you get to see authentic footage of Hurricane Katrina rescue sequences, with beautiful shots of U.S. Coast Guard helicopters assisting victims who are trapped in the flood. The footage is accompanied by beautiful music, a mixture of symphony and hip-hop, that will perhaps bring a tear to your eye.

In response to Sanchez’s critique, “Who is the hero of this movie?,” (as if that is a problem), I say it is both Randall and Fischer, in addition to the men, women, and core values of the United States Coast Guard.

What motivates a rescue swimmer to risk his life for a living? It is not guilt or grief. Costner makes that very clear to Jake. That is the baggage that must be left behind.

Is it stoicism? A Hemingway-like resignation to the forces of nature, to be taken by the sea? I don’t think so either.  While learning the swimming lessons, the guardian of the customers should be with them. It increases the safety and protection of the small children. 

It is a hopeful attitude. A desire for adventure. Compassion. A love for what you do. And a love to serve, without receiving the glory for it. That is why this movie is so inspiring to us and speaks to us as average people. People can be selfish and self-centered. But we can also display an amazing quality of selflessness and humanity when we see the suffering of our brothers and sisters as occured after Hurricane Katrina. If we use a “picture of humanity” definition of art, this film is art par excellence.

Who Should Pay for the First Date?

In the grand history of dating, the idea of who pays is a relatively recent occurrence. Traditionally, it was a man’s duty to provide for the woman completely. This means that he would pay for everything not only on the first date, but on all subsequent dates. Now, this system had more to do with society being male dominated. Women were not given equal rights, and therefore men were traditionally the only ones with jobs (as society would not allow women to work). In those times, it made sense that men would pay for everything as women (usually) would not have been able to afford the date.

However, with the arrival of the women’s rights movement, women were gradually given equal rights and subsequently the ability to become employed. Presently, most women work and therefore have access to enough money to contribute on a date.

This indeed is a step in the right direction as it is usually a man who pays for all the bills during a date and this change will truly reflect equality between both sexes and also break the existing stereotype of women being demure and docile in nature and continuously dominated by a patriarchal society without the rights to make decisions on their own, a step that cannot be found in the okcupid app that has become the youth’s latest fancy to try their luck with girls.

Now, even today, some people will still claim that a man should pay for everything. However, I am not one of them. First of all, as I am in college, I don’t have a lot of money. And this is OK, because most girls in college also are limited monetarily. Girls understand this, and realize that it is only fair that they should pay for their half. I should also note that I have never had a girl become insulted when I suggest that we each pay for our share of the date. On the contrary, I believe that girls appreciate that you consider them to be your equal (by paying for everything, you assume that a girl cannot provide for herself which is simply untrue). I also believe that if a first date doesn’t work out, I shouldn’t be the one to foot the entire bill.

However, I do not believe that you should stick hard and fast to this rule of splitting everything halfway. It’s always nice to surprise girls with gifts, extravagant evenings, etc. And I further believe that these events will stand out much more if your girl is used to splitting everything equally. Just think about it. If every time you take a girl you’re paying for everything, will she be as surprised when you eventually take her out somewhere nice? She won’t, because she’ll automatically assume that you’ll be picking up the bill anyway.

Now, I just want to take a second to let you know that I’m not blaming women for this at all. In fact, I believe that this situation applies to men as well. For instance, I have dated wealthy women, and, with them paying for everything, I eventually just came to expect that they would take me to nice places. It became common and I wasn’t as impressed with our dates anymore (this was before I came to my present conclusion on splitting the date’s costs equally). I believe that it is human nature to become, over time, less excited about common events. And in my case, extravagant dates became common and I began to appreciate them less.

With this knowledge, you should be free to enjoy a first date that will both be easy on your checkbook as well as provide a solid foundation from which a relationship can blossom.

Why is Breast Cancer So Common?

According to the Carolinas Health Care System, breast Cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting women. Over the years breast cancer has actually become even more common. Men are even affected by breast cancer, and even more, men are being diagnosed each year. This is why it is really important for men to take care of their health as they are also prone to breast cancer. In order to learn about how to get a flat chest, you can follow this link and learn about the ways through which you can easily maintain your body and health and protect yourself from cancer. 

There are many things that people think may be responsible for increased breast cancer rates. Even many household products that we use contain known carcinogens such as toothpaste, deodorant, shampoo, and other beauty products. Known carcinogens are chemicals that are known to cause cancer. There are also many other factors involved such as hereditary, environmental factors, lifestyle factors, age, and even stress.

According to the American Cancer Society, there are also so many different types of breast cancers and risk factors. Some are driven by mutations that happen within the cells of the breast while others are strictly hormonal. Women who started their menstrual cycles at an early age do have an increased risk of developing breast cancer. Breast cancer is also more commonly seen in women who drink alcohol or smoke cigarettes. Some of these lifestyle factors can contribute to breast cancer because they promote free radical damage within the body which encourages cell mutation. Free radical damage can be reduced by living a healthy lifestyle, making better choices, and managing stress. Fruits and vegetables have a protective effect on the body because they contain antioxidants that help to stamp out free radicals.

Dr. Linda Page, Author of Healthy Healing says, “Other reasons why cancer, in general, might be common is because cancer thrives on an environment that is acidic.” The standard American diet is poor because it lacks essential vitamins, and minerals as well as being high in sugar and fat. According to, “cancer thrives on sugar.” Dr. Sears says, “Keep your diet very low in fat especially saturated fat.” Eating a diet low in sugar, fat and high in healthy organic fruits and vegetables is one thing a person can do to reduce their risk. Sugar especially chemically altered sugars like high fructose corn syrup are found in many foods and most people don’t even realize how much sugar they actually consume. Ketchup is just one thing that is loaded with sugar. You can also find sugars hidden in so-called natural teas, juice, packaged foods, fast foods, diet products, coke, sodas, and just about nearly every processed food. We are simply consuming too much sugar and the sad part is that many people are addicted to sugar fixes. The chemically altered sugar known as high fructose corn syrup is showing up everywhere and it is proven to be very addictive and bad for our health. Sugar affects our health in many ways including making us more susceptible to developing cancer.


How To Keep A New Year Resolution

As the New Year approaches many of us look forward to a fresh start and for some that means the dreaded New Year resolution. New Year’s Eve is a celebration of all the trials and accomplishment of the previous year but once the ball drops and the confetti has fallen we begin to think of all that we wish to achieve the following year. For many we envision bettering ourselves and achieving milestones in our lives. Therefore, we make our New Year resolutions year after year promising ourselves that this will finally be the year that we complete them. This promise that we make to ourselves is often forgotten come the first week of February but with these three easy steps you can finally complete that New Year resolution.

1.  Choose something you are passionate about:

When making your resolution decide what you want most out of the following year. For some that could be finding a better job, spending more time with family, or even dropping a few pounds to get healthy. Whatever you decide make sure that it is something that will drive you to push forward and remember to be realistic. Nothing crushes your motivation more than trying unsuccessfully to reach unobtainable goals.

2. Planning:

Create a step by step process that will help you to stick to your New Year resolution. For example, let’s say that you wish to spend more time with you kids. Maybe you could set aside one night out of the week for a family game night. Or like many you are looking to lose some weight to ensure a healthier year. Your first goal could be losing ten pounds my March. To ensure meeting this goal plan on cutting calories by eating healthier and exercising for an hour three times a week. Whatever your resolution is be specific in your planning and set objectives along the way. By setting goals for yourself you can feel a sense of accomplishment each time one of them is meet and this will keep you motivated along the way.

3. Follow through:

The first two steps are useless unless you have the drive to follow through. That is why it is so important to choose something that you are passionate about. Dedication to yourself and determination will help you to stick to your plan. Keep a strict schedule and do not permit yourself to wavier. It is much easier to stay on track than to allow yourself to slack off and try to get back on the right path. Remember, you are in this for the long haul and there is no better feeling than self-worth and finally completing those New Year resolutions. If a person wants good immune system, then they should take mucosal supplement under doctor supervision. A schedule can be prepared through the person to retain good digestive system and eating of healthy food.

Review Of Usbgeek: Explore The Many Ways To Use Your Usb Port

Many people own computers for years without fully taking advantage of the benefits offered by the USB port on their computers. USBGEEK puts a whole new spin on the many uses of the USB port. This article shares several products offered by USBGEEK and gives one the opportunity to explore the many ways to use the USB port on your computer.

More so than ever people are spending hours on end at their computer workstations at home and in the office. Why not take the time as valuable and enjoying as possible by enjoying the many USB gadgets offered by USBGEEK?

If you are not familiar with USBGEEK then you should read about this great service for all your tech needs on, besides that, you can read a detailed analysis of all the products that are offered by USBGEEK with all their specifications and prices.

Let’s say you are working on a diehard writing assignment while enjoying your favorite hot beverage and you don’t want to break your flow, yet your beverage is losing its steam. The USB Café Pad available at USBGEEK is the perfect solution to your minor setback. The USB Cafe Pad keeps beverages warm and has a temperature range of 40 to 80 degrees Celsius. With an off on power switch and LED indicator, this little gadget by USBGEEK is the perfect gadget for the person who likes keeping a warm drink nearby while writing. The USB Café Pad retails for $15.00 and is a great buy.

Another great gift idea from USBGEEK is the USB Fridge designed to keep drinks chilled to perfection while you work on the great American novel. This easy to install gadget by USBGEEK takes only 5 minutes to reach 47 degrees Fahrenheit. Simply place your drink on the chilled platter and continue to work as you enjoy a cool refreshing beverage. With LED lighting effects the USB Fridge by USBGEEK retails fro $30.00.

If looking for the right aesthetic feel while writing try using the USB Aroma Digi Fan by USBGEEK. This unique gadget is the perfect device for distributing the preferred fragrance in the form of an essential Aroma Oil. The USB Aroma Digi Fan has the capability to fill the room with delightful scents without heating or burning the essential oils. Portable, safe, and very easy to use, the USB Aroma Digi Fan by USBGEEK retails for only $15.00.

USBGEEK offers many more unique gadgets for use with the USB computer port including a USB mini Paper Shredder, a USB 512MB JetPen plus Laser Pointer, a USB Fingerprint Reader and more.

In addition to offering fun gadgets, USBGEEK offers a wide array of accessories designed to create the best experience possible for computer users. At USBGEEK you will find USB Cables, Retractable Cables, a USD Cellphone Data Cable, USB Adapters, USB Skype Phones, USB Mouse and Mouse Pads, USB PDA Cradles, USB iPod Cables, USB PDA Cables, USB Keyboards, USB Lighting, Speakers and more. The list of functional accessories and fn gadgets at USBGEEK is absolutely endless. For more information on USBGEEK and the many useful and unique gadgets offered visit the USBGEEK Web site online today.

Webkinz Cheat Codes…Is There Such a Thing?

I have become familiar with the ever so popular Webkinz about a year ago. At my daughter’s birthday party a young boy was so excited that he had given her two of the popular pets. I was clueless; to me I looked at two stuffed animals. My daughter looked at them all so differently. She was so excited and couldn’t wait to get home and register them online.

Once we got home we immediately went to the computer. You have to tell the sex of the animal and the name you want to give it. You have to punch in a special code that is uniquely giving to each and every webkinz pet. After you have given your pet a name and adopted it, the pet will come alive in the virtual world. Your pet will be given a room that you need to decorate. Rooms can be added for each pet along with outside gardens. Each pet starts with so much money and once it is gone you will need to earn more by playing games, answering questions, and various different tasks.

My daughter is up to eleven webkenz pets and she has learned a lot about taking care of her pets. The first thing my daughter does with her pets is take them to the doctor. She works at a job and loves to answer questions at Quizzy. The questions at Quizzy are about language, social studies, math, science, and etc. Some may see it as a child being on the computer too long but I see it as my daughter learning and being responsible for keeping her pets happy, healthy, and feed. My daughter’s pets are never below 96, 100 being the best. No she only spends less than one hour on the computer a day.

I do not understand about these secret cheat codes I have heard about. My opinion about these cheat codes is it is down right wrong to encourage children to use. What is there for a child to accomplish if the cheat codes just give the points out like their nothing? I know how this might be fun to get all these points to add up but what would be left to accomplish yourself. You apparently could buy any household item that your virtual pet would like to have, along with outfits and garden supplies. If cheat codes are really accessible than I think that children of all people should greatly be discouraged from unlocking them. This is actually encouraging children to hack and steal which is wrong.

Maybe some feel that cheat codes are no big deal and that I may be over reacting but when it comes to teaching children right from wrong than I feel that I am being reasonable on the subject.

Vietnam: 1973 To 1979

Lyndon Johnson refuses to run for a certain loss in the 1968 election, Bobby Kennedy is killed and Richard Nixon climaxes the most unlikely political comeback in the history of the United States. Part of the appeal of Richard Nixon during the election of 1968 was his promise to end the war during his period of attachment to the Oval Office. Flash forward to a year after the re-coronation of Pres. Nixon and in Paris the peace talks lead to an acceptance of a cease fire. Peace with honor. America’s first loss of a war….with dignity. Meanwhile, the fighting continued in Vietnam right up to that day in 1975 when the last U.S. troops left Vietnam.

The domino effect predicted by the hawks who led America into a war it had no business fighting appeared ready to take place, after all. The government heading up South Vietnam did little to inspire confidence and the result was a relatively easy victory by the communists who actually believed in their leader and system of governance. Saigon fell and was renamed Ho Chi Minh City. South Vietnam was utterly devastated and the land to the north wasn’t in much better shape. Those members of the country that had collaborated with the imperialist invaders known as the United States military were sent to labor camps to be re-educated and then sent to work on collectivized farms. The year 1976 saw Vietnam initiate a Five Year Plan similar to the plans undertaken by the Soviet Union during the heady days of the dictatorship of Josef Stalin.

Despite its proximity to China, the real communist overseers of the new Vietnam was the Soviet Union. It was during Vietnam’s Five Year Plan that the infamous boat people took to the seas and wound up in American cities. Illegal immigration was not a major political issue of the time and, besides, it was the Republicans who were most in favor of the Vietnam War and so it could only be hypocritical of them to oppose the immigration into the land o’ plenty by the Vietnamese. The situation is kind of like how conservatives overlook illegal immigration from Cuba, but see illegal immigration from Mexico as some kind of threat to their comfortable existence.

The year 1978 saw the Vietnamese situation take another strange turn. That was the year that the Vietnamese communists invaded neighboring Cambodia. Cambodia had been under the thumb of Pol Pot, one of the most fearsomely psychotic leaders in the world. Over the course of three years, Pol Pot had targeted the educated citizens of Cambodia and in the process committed genocidal crimes that took away about 15% of the country’s entire population. The Vietnamese invasion was looked upon as the lesser of two evils by the Cambodians: it was either put up with Vietnamese imperialist aims or welcome back Pol Pot. Talk about being stuck between a rock and a hard place. The acceptance of the Vietnamese invaders was accepted with passivity by the Cambodians only because they didn’t want a return of the killing fields of their mad former leader.

The invasion of Cambodia put a significance dent into the Five Year Plan forwarded by Vietnam. In fact, the Five Year Plan has to be abandoned because of the economic strain that it and the Cambodian invasion was placing upon the country. At this time, relations with China reached an all-time low and so the Vietnamese/Russian relationship took a stronger hold. A deal was made for Vietnam to receive significant economic, military and political support. In return, the Soviets garnered what has always been their dream: a warm water naval port. This particular port was maintained at Cam Ranh Bay.

That decision put China on the defensive and as is almost always the case with a big bully, the defensive transformed into the offensive. Chinese troops invaded the northern regions of Vietnam in 1979. Surprisingly, Vietnam successfully fought off the invasion, though the price was high. China also began providing support to the guerilla armies loyal to Pol Pot and his dream of regaining power in Cambodia.

Tutoring ESL: How to Teach The Perfect Trial Lesson

Finding an English as a Second Language (ESL) student to tutor is as easy as placing an ad online and then waiting for your phone to ring.
The difficult part comes when it’s time to meet your student face to face for that first lesson. What questions should you ask? Is it necessary to create a detailed lesson plan? And how do you convince your potential student that you’re the best person for the job?

It’s not as difficult as it may seem. Here are five tips to follow.

1. Dress the Part

That doesn’t mean that you have to wear a suit, but dress professionally. No jeans, wrinkled shirts, flip flops or anything else that would give your potential student reason to believe that you’d be a waste of money. A good first impression means that half the battle is won and if you look like a capable and intelligent teacher, they’ll be more likely to think of you as such.

2. Sell Yourself

Just like you would at a job interview, explain (briefly) why you’re qualified for the job.

After you’ve shook hands and introduced yourself, tell the student about where you went to University, what you studied and any relevant work experience you’ve had teaching or tutoring English. Talk a little about where you’re from and your hobbies. Personalize yourself as a likable person; a ‘friend’. Because the truth is that most students won’t know enough about teaching methods to be able to form an opinion on your tutoring skills. If they chose to hire you, it will be because they like you.

3. Ask Questions

Now here’s your chance to gauge their ability and level. Ask them simple, open-ended questions about their hobbies and backgrounds and mentally note how quickly and confidently they respond and which errors they make. Smile encouragingly and give them a lot of time to answer.

Some Sample Questions:

What is your job?

Did you study English before?

Why do you want to learn English?

What are your hobbies?

The answers to these questions can be very telling! It’s important to assess whether your student is serious about learning English or not. Sometimes students treat tutoring sessions as a dating service or as a means to gain an English-speaking friend (which means that once they’ve discovered that you don’t share the same agenda, they’ll drop you).

4. Offer Them the Choice of Three Different Teaching Methods

It’s extremely important to ask your students which teaching style they’d prefer. They may not know, but they’ll certainly appreciate being given the choice, as well as control over how their lessons are taught.

While there are a variety of teaching methods you could use, it’s best to keep your lessons simple and straightforward. Save the creative games and activities for a traditional classroom setting, as most adult, ESL students are too pressed for time to indulge in a game of hangman or Pictionary.

Give Them the Following Three Options:

– Lessons Taught with a Textbook (make sure to bring a few sample textbooks for them to flip through)

– Free, Unscripted Conversation Practice

– Conversation Practice based off a magazine or newspaper article

5. Give them a Contract to Sign

In the last 10 minutes of your trial lesson, show them your tutor contract (a typed outline of your rates and cancellation policy). Don’t have them sign the contract right then, because no one likes to feel pressured into making a decision. Rather, give them a copy and tell them to bring it back with them next time.

It’s important to go over the contract in the trial lesson because that way it gives the student a clear outline of your expectations. It also shows that you’re a professional and that you take your lessons and your commitment to them as a client, seriously.

Final Note:

It’s important to remember that students chose to not hire a tutor for one of two reasons.

1. The tutor doesn’t correct their English often enough and the students find the lessons to be a waste of time.

2. The tutor over-corrects their English and the students feel frustrated, discouraged or ashamed.

It’s therefore important to remember to correct their grammar or vocabulary mistakes as they speak but not to overdue it. How will you know where to draw the line? That’s why it’s so important to interview them in the beginning of the lesson and accurately gauge their comfort levels.

As a general rule, it’s better to rule on the side of over-correction. Just make sure to keep your voice light and smile. Always smile.